|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2022
14. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
Stock Compensation Plans
Time-Lapse Restricted Shares and Restricted Stock Units
Time-lapse restricted awards and restricted stock units (“restricted shares”) have been issued to officers and other employees under the Company’s Employee Stock Incentive Plan. The Company recognizes compensation expense for the unvested portion of awards outstanding over the remainder of the service period. The compensation cost recorded for these awards is based on their closing stock price at the grant date less the cost of estimated forfeitures. Forfeitures are estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods to reflect actual forfeitures.
Restricted shares provide for the issuance of a share of the Company’s common stock at no cost to the holder and generally vest after a certain stipulated number of years from the grant date, depending on the terms of the issue. The 2022 grant of restricted shares vest in 20 percent increments over five years from the date of grant. Prior grants vest over six years from the date of grant. In some cases, the Company may issue restricted shares that vest in greater increments over a shorter period of time. During these years, grantees receive all dividends declared and retain voting rights for the granted shares. The agreements under which the one-time grant of restricted stock is issued provide that shares awarded may not be sold or otherwise transferred until restrictions established under the plans have lapsed.
The Company issued time lapse restricted shares of 0.9 million, 0.8 million, and 0.9 million for the years ended December 31, 2022, 2021, and 2020, respectively.
The Company issues new shares from its authorized but unissued share pool. At December 31, 2022, approximately 5.9 million shares of the Company’s common stock were reserved for issuance. In accordance with the FASB ASC Topic 718, “Compensation – Stock Compensation,” the Company recognizes the fair value of the award on a straight-line basis over the service periods of each award. The Company estimates restricted share employee forfeiture rates based on its historical experience.
The following table summarizes the components of the Company’s stock-based compensation programs recorded as expense ($ in thousands):
As of December 31, 2022 and 2021, $52.3 million and $49.8 million, respectively, of total unrecognized compensation cost related to time-lapse restricted shares are expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 3.5 years and 4.0 years at December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
The following table summarizes information on unvested restricted shares outstanding as of December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020.
Employee Stock Purchase Plan
On April 26, 2022, shareholders approved the Rollins, Inc. 2022 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”) which provides eligible employees with the option to purchase shares of Company common stock, at a discount, through payroll deductions. Initially, a maximum of 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock are authorized for issuance under the ESPP. Under the ESPP, shares of common stock may be purchased by eligible participants during defined purchase periods at 90% of the lesser of the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the first day or last day of each purchase period. The first purchase period for the ESPP began on July 1, 2022 and ended on December 30, 2022. The Company recorded compensation expense of $0.4 million associated with the purchase period which is included in cost of services provided and sales, general and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2022.
The entire disclosure for share-based payment arrangement.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef